Different Photography Effects/Techniques

Macro: Macrophotography is close up photographs usually of very small subjects. Usually requires a camera with macro lenses but can be achieve with any digital cameras under the setting macro. Macrophotography are used for close-up shots, such as taking pictures of flowers, insects, and so on.

digitalphotography20.jpg


High speed photography: Which is when photographs are taken very quicky to capture moments that are too fast for us to observe. This type of photography is commonly used in physics, health research, sports and more. It requires capturing shots faster than 1/6000 seconds. This shot requires handling shutter lag, synchronizing the flash and timing the exposure to just the right moment. When you increase shutter speed, you decrease the amount of light reaching the image sensor on your camera so it is best to take the photo either in a dark room with flash or the opposite, a bright sunny day.

digitalphotography1a.jpg


Tilt shifting photography: This technique tricks the eye to believe that shots are miniatures and modeled. It blurs certain parts out of the photo to make the picture look unique.

digitalphotography3.jpg


Diorama Illusion Effect: This picture is a model of planes in miniature form meaning toy planes. This technique is done by taking shots with miniature of real life models with a suitable background. The photo is taken a few inches away from the model in order to make the models seem bigger than they are. As a result, the photograph will look like a real shot of planes.


digitalphotography7.jpg



Vignetting: Is the reduction of light or saturation on the corners of the picture making the center the main part of the focus while it remains clear. This effect can be done on photoshop or with a camera filter.

digitalphotography10.jpg



Focused photographs: where the background of the photo is blurred making the subject of the photograph in focus. This is done by keeping the subject far away from the background and moving the camera closer to the subject and as you focus on the subject the background will be blurred and softened.

Read more: How to Take a Picture With a Blurred Background | eHow.com

bird_blur.jpg


Movie-like effect: This is used to turn photographs into glossy movie-like shots. This usually requires changing the blurring, lighting, hue and saturation of the image in a photo editing software which results in a photo that looks as though it was taken from a movie.

BEFORE:

tut2-original.jpg

AFTER:

tut2-result2.jpg






The Golden Mean is a geometric formula by the ancient Greeks. Any photograph that follows this rule is thought to be harmonious. One of the theories associated with the golden mean is used when we have something called "the perfect rectangle". We draw a line from the upper left to the lower right corner of the rectangle and another line from the upper right towards point y' till it hits the first line. This divides the rectangle into three different sections and creates a harmonious composition.

external image golden2.gif external image Det-Gyldne-Snitt.jpg



The Rule of thirds is a technique where we imagine guidelines which divide the photo into nine equal parts by two horizontal lines and two vertical lines. The most important objects in the photograph should be placed on or close to these lines or on their interesections. It is said that this technique is used to create more energy and interest in the composition rather than just placing the subject randomly.

external image empty.jpg
(In this photo, the house is placed where the 1st horizonal and vertical line meet which adds more interest to the photo rather than just centring it.)


Framing is a good technique when there is an object that takes up the whole photo and it is hard to decide on how to take the photo with all the other space around the object. Although, this space can be used as an advantage. It can show off the object by creating a frame around it making the focus.

external image frame2.jpg

The Crossing Lines technique is used to provide a guideline for the viewers eyes to follow. It is known that humans usually start to look on the upper left corner and from there they move their eyes along to the rest of the photo, in this case it would be a good idea to start a line on that left corner. Also, if the picture has a place where more than two lines meet, it adds interest by having more lines for the eye to follow.


external image diag.jpg


The inverse square law is a technique used when lighting a subject which is very important to photographers. They need to know how far away the light should be placed from the subject to create different moods and effects. Light moves very quickly in distance from its source. The farther you are from the light, the more area the light covers, but it becomes more dim and less intense.

external image 1.jpg



High dynamic range imaging is a technique that allows for a greater contrast between the lights and darks an image than all the usual methods of photography. Simple cameras take pictures with limited contrast which loses detail in some areas of the photo and HDR technology is able to get back the detail by taking more than two photos at different exposure levels and placing them together so that we get a picture that shows both dark and bright equally.

external image hdrblog_main_600.jpg


High-key lighting is a style of lighting used both in photography and film. This was done in early film because it did not look good with high contrast, but now is used to show an upbeat mood in comedies for example. It also creates a simple and clean photo which is often used in magazines. The advantage to high-key lighting is that it doesn't need to be adjusted for every scene which lets the movie be fimed in less time.The disadvantage is that high-key lighting it fails to add any drama.

external image 220px-High_key_baby.jpg



References:

http://photoinf.com/General/Klaus_Schroiff/Basic_Photography_Techniques.htm

http://www.scantips.com/lights/flashbasics.html#1

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High_dynamic_range_imaging

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-key_lighting

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tilt-shift_photography

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule_of_thirds

http://www.advancedphotography.net/golden-ratio-golden-ratio-photography-composition/

http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=inverse+square+law+photography&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1024&bih=625&tbm=isch&tbnid=A5bLykdtySdHFM:&imgrefurl=http://www.thedphoto.com/photography-techniques/photography-and-light-the-inverse-square-law/&docid=CgSHb7nc_OPJVM&imgurl=http://www.thedphoto.com/images/Photography-and-light-The-inverse-square-law.jpg&w=600&h=540&ei=XUQ0T-C0I4yN0QHv7eCkAg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=2297&sig=116234765589303457180&page=1&tbnh=136&tbnw=151&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=151&ty=214

http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=inverse+square+law+photography&hl=en&gbv=2&biw=1280&bih=929&tbm=isch&tbnid=3AJ20nPjQsCa8M:&imgrefurl=http://photo.tutsplus.com/articles/lighting-articles/rules-for-perfect-lighting-understanding-the-inverse-square-law/&docid=6lq6yjTBtVzQDM&imgurl=http://d2f29brjr0xbt3.cloudfront.net/336_inversesquare/1.jpg&w=600&h=300&ei=UlQ0T4zVHYfx0gH8hInYAg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=176&sig=104482963918143917440&page=1&tbnh=76&tbnw=152&start=0&ndsp=28&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0&tx=86&ty=73

http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=high+dynamic+range+imaging&um=1&hl=en&biw=1024&bih=625&tbm=isch&tbnid=7z0_I8hpHMwFuM:&imgrefurl=http://popsci.typepad.com/how20blog/2007/05/your_guide_to_c.html&docid=hvlHgtcauGmvCM&imgurl=http://popsci.typepad.com/how20blog/images/2007/05/11/hdrblog_main_600.jpg&w=500&h=375&ei=w0Q0T6HqG-jb0QGjlY2tAg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=534&vpy=247&dur=94&hovh=194&hovw=259&tx=189&ty=125&sig=116234765589303457180&page=1&tbnh=131&tbnw=201&start=0&ndsp=14&ved=1t:429,r:12,s:0

http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=high+key+lighting&hl=en&sa=X&gbv=2&biw=1024&bih=625&tbm=isch&tbnid=CjMJJbr2BL28XM:&imgrefurl=http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/High-key_lighting&docid=3b0pndoNKncFWM&imgurl=http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/7/74/High_key_baby.jpg/220px-High_key_baby.jpg&w=220&h=147&ei=akU0T9SIEKXm0QGmnbigAg&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=234&sig=116234765589303457180&page=1&tbnh=101&tbnw=151&start=0&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:0,s:0&tx=96&ty=60

http://speckyboy.com/2009/08/28/25-cool-digital-photography-tutorials-techniques-and-effects/



Angela:
photography:
  • portfolio with the following technqiues:
-Panoramic
-Diorama Illusion Effect
-High-key lighting
-Movie-like effect
  • nature photography
  • pin hole camera photos

video:
-horror film
-silent movie
-stop motion
-commercial

Annie:
Photographs:
-Diorama illusion effect
-Paroramic
-colour photography(grey/black and white)
-landscape photography
-pin hole camera photos

Video: horror film
silent movie




shot lengths:
-extreme long shot (distant, environment, a setting, a landscape)
-long shot (life size)
-medium shot (waist up)
-close-up (head shot)
-extreme close up (into detail, macro photography)

camera angles:
-birds-eye view (god like, looking from above, looks alittle smaller)
-high angle (general over view)
-eye level (neutral shot,heads are on a level with the focus)
-low angle (looks massive, huge, shots from below)
-oblique/canted angle (tilited, suggest imbalance)
-point of view (shows what that point of view sees)

types of lighting:

Side Lighting (lighting directed to the front)

Back Lighting (glow, back lit, light is from behind)

Front lighting (light directed to the front)

Ambient Light (natural light of a particular room)

Soft or Diffuse Light (coming through window/ see-through fabric)

Hard Light (Sharp light, nothing to make it soft)

Spotlight (when you have a focused amount of light highlightinga section of the subject)

Artificial Lighting (light that is not from the sun, light sources we use everyday)

Various Combinations of Lighting (lights from more than one source)

Rim Lighting (light that creates highlights along the edges of your subject)


links:
http://www.mediaknowall.com/camangles.html
http://www.digital-photography-school.com/9-lighting-types-to-harness-improve-your-photography




Social Impact of photography

Angela :

external image biafra.jpg
Biafra 1969

This photo was taken in 1969 when war was going on in Biafra. For three years, the people there were dying of famine. The photographer Don McCullin, got tired of just taking photos of soldiers and then began concentrating on the aspect of the people there who were being greatly affected. When people see the photo they find it a very shocking thing, they see children that have a disease called kwashiorkor which eats away muscle and makes their bellies larger. This made an impact on society and history because when the photo began to be shown in other parts of the world they all came together and helped Biafra. It changed the world because it gave awareness of other parts of the globe and it most likely led to having all these organizations that we have today that help multiple countries.


external image xray.jpg

First Human X-Ray 1896

This photo was taken in 1896. For many years people have always wanted to be able to take an X-ray photo to be able to see the inside of humans without having to make incisions. This was a huge medical advancement that was created by photographer Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen. Also, we can save lives faster and more efficiently. For example, if something is a false alarm the person would have to be open for no reason and it would be much more time consuming.

Citation:
"100 Photographs That Changed the World by LIFE - The Digital Journalist." The Digital Journalist. Hewlett-Packard. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. http://digitaljournalist.org/issue0309/lm_index.html.



Annie:

external image wrightbros2.jpg
Flight 1903

This photo was taken on December 17, 1903, this photo was taken to prove to citizens that flying is possible and not only for birds. Many people were in disbelief during that time but this photograph proved them wrong. It was a excellent effort for the Wrights to get their wood-wire-and-cloth up to the air. Due to this photograph, the Wright brothers were able to make citizen’s wildest dream come true. After that, many people have attempted to the challenge and after some time flying aircrafts were invented. It was like a miracle to many and to this day, airplane and flying aircraft are used by many for transportation. Although the aircraft only went up the air for a couple of seconds, it opened the doors to many possibilities that many people could not imagine.


external image bomb.jpg

Nagasaki 1945

This photo took place in 1945. This image impacted many people especially the people in Japan due to the destructive atomic bomb. This created a devastating moment for the Japanese and will be remembered because many people have died and lost their loved ones due to this tragedy. This goes to show how powerful atomic bombs. The war has made it among many novels where stories are told about the tragedy by Japanese people and many of them are disheartening. It was a depressing time for Japan. The photo has changed the world by realizing how strong atomic bombs can be and therefore must be handled more carefully in the future. This photograph is also a warning from the U.S showing how powerful they are and that others should beware of them.


Citations:
"100 Photographs That Changed the World by LIFE - The Digital Journalist." The Digital Journalist. Hewlett-Packard. Web. 28 Mar. 2012. <http://digitaljournalist.org/issue0309/lm_index.html>.


Website Design & Dreamweaver


By: Annie Tran

5 FAVORITE/Great websites:

1) Facebook :www.facebook.com

-this site has great ways to connect with family and friends
-easy to use for any age
-made personal for individuals
- can post things on it (pictures, videos)
- simple yet not boring
- everyone has the same type of profile
- fun (addicting to go on)
-organized
-cool aps
-always updated
-colours are a good combo
-security (privacy setting)


2) Much Music: http://www.muchmusic.com/
- not boring
- always updated
- new stuff
- has a tool bar at the top so you can easily find things
- original
- colour adds interest
- decent spacing
- fun to look at
- provides visuals
- borders


3) Ebay : http://www.ebay.ca/

- organized
- professionalism
- colours are calm; not too distracting
- looks neat
- toolbar to easily find things
- good use of font
- easy to manage
-provides visuals
-not boring
-always up to date


4) Apple store: http://store.apple.com/us
-Simple; yet not to plain
-Organized
-Easy to find things
-Text legible
-Good use of font
-Provides visuals
-Colours well coordinated
-Good spacing
-Professionalism
-Easy to manage
-Interesting


5) google: www.google.ca
-very easy to use
-can find almost anything on it
-trustworthy
-professional
-simple
-good use of text
-tool bar to find things easily
-good spacing of text and etc.
-organized (toolbar)
-interesting




2. 5 least favourite/terrible websites:

1) Arngren: http://www.arngren.net/
-too busy
-looks horrible; things are not harmonious
-no organization
-sloppy
-confusing
-too distracting, hard to focus on one thing
-layout is too wide
-messy
-no professionalism
-stuff overlapping

2) Raftweb : http://www.raft.org/
-Text difficult to read
-Busy
-Bad choice of colour
-Confusing
-Distracting
-Background at the bank disrupts some components
-Bad spacing
-Hard to read
-No professionalism
-Messy


2) Mr bottles: http://www.mrbottles.com/-
-bad choice of font
-looks bad
-can be more organized
-some text hard to read
-sound (of man talking) is distracting; no way to stop it.
-too cramped
-no professionalism in text
-looks off; something about it does not look right
-messy


3) Water on wheels: http://www.wateronwheels.com/
-not interesting
-too boring
-not exciting
-makes you not want to look at it
-should have more interesting photos
-no toolbar
-hard to tell what the website is about
-border shows unprofessionalism
-bad choice of colour combination
-plain


4) Gates N fences: http://www.gatesnfences.com/
-too busy
-no proper spacing
-overlapping
-bad choice of colours
-messy
-unprofessional
-bad colour combination
-some text hard to read
-everything seems crammed together
-looks bad


5) Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/
-easily accessible by anyone
- may give false information
-unprofessionalism in text
-can be completely random
-untrustworthy
-plain
-no special effects or text
-some grammar/spelling mistakes
-nothing new
-not always updated




By: Angela Marques


FAVORITE/Great websites:

1 Google www.google.ca

-simple design
-text is easy to read
-organized and great use of space
-search bar links you to thousands of pages containing information you need
-maps is a good tool which shows you how to get to places
-translate option is available especially when viewing foreign sites
-gmail is available
-theres a news section which is constantly being updated
-good documents allows you to work on documents at the same time as your friends
-easy to navigate

2 Hotmail www.hotmail.com
-easy to navigate
-able to connect multiple accounts
-messenger, you are able to chat with others
-skydrive documents allow you to save your document online and share it with who you want
-has separate folders created for you already such as Photos
-able to customize the colour of your page
-able to post display photo
-you have contacts list which shows you people who you are connected to
-you get access to the msn webpage which updates you on the latest news
-you are able to search your own email

3 Youtube www.youtube.com

-able to watch/play videos
-search for videos
-easy to navigate
-great layout and use of space
-able to upload own videos
-able to share videos by email, facebook, twitter etc.
-comment on videos
-able to make a favourites playlist
- recommends you videos
-has categories displayed on the main page categories such as most viewed


4 Facebook www.facebook.com

-you are connected to everything
-are able to post comments
-post/upload pictures
-chat
-search people
-play games
-make groups of people
-receive information from things you "like"
-simple layout
-easy to navigate


5 Much Music www.muchmusic.com

-able to search music
-view and vote for countdown music videos
-consistent layout
-enter in contests
-view list of aired programs on tv..
-text is legible
-shop for ringtones and cds
-watch videos
-see news from artists
-know what artists are in concert and buy tickets



6 Ebay www.ebay.ca

-search bar
-able to view categories
-good layout
-able to post items to sell
-able to buy items
-says what date it was updated or created
-has information on what the website is about
-able to create an account
-text is legible
-enough text and photos



least favorite/terrible websites:


1 The World’s Worst Website http://www.angelfire.com/super/badwebs/

This is the perfect website that demonstrates the worst things that people can do when creating one.

-background captures too much attention
-there should be an option to turn off music if it is added to the website
-having to many animated pictures are distracting
-misspelled words
-have pictures that will load because sometimes when you have the wrong file name the photo won’t appear
-having links to pages that are too long and don’t say where they lead, links that lead to the wrong place, and links that don’t work
-update information regularly and delete very old ones
-there should be a link where users are able to contact you
-pop ups annoy visitors
-writing should be legible and stand out against the background


2 Honest Eds http://honesteds.sites.toronto.com/

-bad use of the whole page
-text overlaps the photos
-colour choices aren’t great
-no customer support
-very poor image quality
-there are quotes every where
-doesn’t show all or most of the items available for sale
-the online flyer is hard to read
-some categories don’t show what is expected
-not appealing


3 Now Toronto http://www.nowtoronto.com/movies/

-very overwhelming
-hard to look at
-should have used more space
-too many images
-bad colour choice at the bottom of the page
-text is hard to read at the bottom
-looks disorganized
-allows to many advertisements on one page
-too much text on some pages
-no consistency


4 Memebase www.memebase.com

-format is really cluttered
-a lot of information is on one page
-some text is difficult to read
-not very appealing
-don’t like the title
-some annoying images, animations and/or advertisements
-hard to navigate
-has jargons (only a certain group of people know what some words mean)
-not well spaced
-not sure what the differences are between the categories listed


5 Fabric Land http://www.fabricland.co.uk/

-distracting animations
-bad colour choice
-text is hard to read
-there’s a frame around the page created by the sidebar on the left
-text is blocked in
-images are blurry
-no organization
-no consistency
-bad grammar
-not appealing



Angela

2.
Website architecture design

Website architecture design is where the process and product of planning, designing and constructing are needed to create an effective website. The
architecture design is what makes a website different from another; since we have unlimited creativity it is up to the designer to decide what the website should look like depending on the purpose of it.


Web navigation design
This is one of the most important parts of a website. It refers to making the website easy to use and find information quickly.
For example, the user should be able to return back to the home page when on any other page of that website.

http://www.mardiros.net/good-navigation.html

Example : Web Navigation Design Example
external image 70effd321c.jpg

Information hierarchy/hierarchies
Information hierarchy is the organization of images and text. It is what makes users look where they do and when they do it.
The top element on a website should be the first thing the user sees, and the lowest will be the last.

http://www.onextrapixel.com/2010/06/24/a-closer-look-at-hierarchy-in-web-design/

Example:
Web Design Hierarchy
Web Design Hierarchy



By: Annie Tran

Website architecture design:
Just like architecture itself, website architecture design is similar where it requires both the process and product of planning, designing and construction of creating a website. Web designs in different countries may be different from others where it creates different personality and atmospheres. It mainly involves the organization of website’s content in a structured way. The website design depends entirely on the person creating the website and what they want to advertise or present. How the person constructs the website will determine how effective it is.
Some examples are:
http://thedesigned.com/2010/01/24/36-minimal-architecture-website-designs/

klab
klab

A-cero
A-cero


2. Web navigation design
Web navigation allows users to easily use and find information. The more easy the website is to manage, the more effective it is and friendly for users. The website should not be too complicated to use or else people wouldn't want to go on it.


Information hierarchy/hierarchies

the basis of trying to emphasize important information before anything else. It is the element of directing viewers to look at a certain point to another point. User experience is crucial therefore, the way you organize information on your website is important. This will involve the principle of designs of ways to present information but first determining the goal of the website and how you are going to make it flow.

http://www.onextrapixel.com/2010/06/24/a-closer-look-at-hierarchy-in-web-design/

Color
Color

Dimension
Dimension

Size
Size

Placement
Placement

Contrast
Contrast